[ Skip to the content ]

Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics Wiki


[ Back to the navigation ]

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
gpu [2017/01/02 13:02]
kocmanek
gpu [2021/02/15 13:21] (current)
vodrazka [Servers with GPU units]
Line 4: Line 4:
  
 ===== Servers with GPU units ===== ===== Servers with GPU units =====
 +GPU cluster ''​gpu-ms.q''​ at Malá Strana:
  
-| machine | GPU[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​CUDA#​Supported_GPUs|Capability]] [cc]  cores | GPU RAM | Comment ​+| machine | GPU type | GPU driver version | [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​CUDA#​GPUs_supported|cc]GPU cnt | GPU RAM (GB) machine RAM (GB)
-titan-gpu ​ ​| ​GeForce GTX Titan Z; cc3.5 | 6 GB each core        +dll1 |  Quadro RTX 5000  ​440.33.01 |  7.5 |  ​8 ​ ​16 ​ ​365 ​
-twister1 ​  Tesla K40c; cc3.5          ​| 1 | 12 GB          ​       +dll3  ​GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  440.33.01  6.1 |  ​10 ​ 11 |  248 
-twister2 ​  Tesla K40c; cc3.5          ​| 1 | 12 GB          ​       +dll4  ​GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  440.33.01  6.1 |  ​10 ​ 11 |  248 
-kronos-dev ​Tesla K40c; cc3.5          ​| 1 | 12 GB          ​       +dll5  ​GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  440.33.01  6.1 |  ​10 ​ 11 |  248 
-iridium ​   ​Quadro K2000; cc3.0        ​| 1 | 2 GB                  +dll6  ​GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  440.33.01  6.1 |  ​8 ​ 11 |  248 
-victoria ​  | GeForce ​GT 630; cc3.0      ​2 GB           Ondrej Bojar'​s desktop machine ​+dll7  GeForce ​RTX 2080 Ti |  440.33.01  ​7.5 ​ ​8 ​ 11 |  248 
-arc        ​GeForce GT 630; cc3.0      ​2 GB           Ales's desktop machine ​+dll8  ​Quadro RTX 5000 |  440.33.01  ​7.5 ​ ​8 ​ 16 |  365 
-athena ​    | GeForce ​GTX 1080; cc6.1    ​| 8 GB           Tom's desktop machine ​|+dll9  GeForce ​RTX 3090 |  455.23.05  ​8.6 ​ 4 |  24 |  180 | 
 +| dll10 |  GeForce RTX 3090 |  455.23.05 |  ​8.6  4 |  24 |  180                                                                                                                                           ​
  
-not used at the momentGeForce GTX 570 (from twister2) +GPU cluster ''​gpu-troja.q'' ​at Troja:
-All machines have CUDA8.0 and should support both Theano and TensorFlow.+
  
-Summary of future plans: +| machine | GPU type | GPU driver version | [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CUDA#​GPUs_supported|cc]] | GPU cnt | GPU RAM (GB| machine RAM (GB)| 
-  * Current Troja servers won't get any GPUs (the only option would be [[http://www.czc.cz/hp-quadro-k1200-4gb/171662/​produkt?​ppcbee-adtext-variant=Produkt%3B+kategorie+%2B+cena%3B+Pobo%C4%8Dky&​gclid=CKbKkbrWrswCFQUq0wodHDELCw|Quadro K1200 4GB]], horribly cost-inefficient+| tdll1 |  ​Quadro ​P5000 |  440.33.01 |  6.1 |  8 |  16 |  248 | 
-  ​* The old Quadro ​K2000 we have is a much more low end piece, so we can't test is in Troja+| tdll2 |  Quadro P5000 |  440.33.01 |  6.1 |  8 |  16 |  248 | 
-  ​* There is MetaCentrum which also has GPUs, so testing can be done there+| tdll3 |  Quadro P5000 |  440.33.01 |  6.1 |  8 |  16 |  248 | 
-  ​* It is impossible (wasteful in terms of space and forbidden by a dean regulation) to put non-rack machines to our servers roomsSo we won't be buying GeForce GTX 1080 (~20000CZK, out of stock now), for a non-rack machine since we most likely don't have any available+| tdll4 |  Quadro P5000 |  440.33.01 |  6.1 |  8 |  16 |  248 | 
-  ​* Yes, there are grant applications under review which include rack machines with GPUs, e.g5x2 or something like that; more will be known in 2017.+| tdll5 |  Quadro P5000 |  440.33.01 |  6.1 |  8 |  16 |  248 |
  
 +Desktop machines:
 +| machine ​                   | GPU type | [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​CUDA#​GPUs_supported|cc]] | GPUs | GPU RAM | Comment |
 +| victoria; arc              | GeForce GT 630   | cc3.0 |  1 |  2 GB | desktop machine |
 +| athena ​                    | GeForce GTX 1080 | cc6.1 |  1 |  8 GB | Tom's desktop machine |
  
-=== Individual acquisitions:​ NVIDIA Academic Hardware Grants ==+Multiple versions of CUDA library are accessible on each machine together with cudnn. Theano and TensorFlow is supported.
  
-There is an easy way to get one high-end GPU: [[https://developer.nvidia.com/academic_gpu_seeding|ask NVIDIA for an Academic Hardware Grant]]All it takes is writing a short grant application (at most ~2 hrs of work from scratch; if you have a GAUK, ~15 minutes of copy-pasting)Due to the GPU housing issues (mainly rack space and cooling), Milan Fsaid we should request the Tesla-line cardsIf you want to have a look at an application,​ feel free to ask at hajicj@ufal.mff.cuni.cz ​:)+[[http://ufaladm2.ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/munin/ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​lrc-master.ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​index.html#​dll|GPU usage rolling graphs]]
  
-Take care, however, to coordinate the grant applications a little, so that not too many arrive from UFAL within a short time: these grants are explicitly //not// intended to build GPU clusters, they are "​seeding"​ grants meant for researchers to try out GPUs (and fall in love with them, and buy a cluster later). If you are planning to submit the hardware grant, have submitted one, or have already been awarded one, please add yourself here. 
  
-Known NVIDIA Academic Hardware Grants:+===== Rules ===== 
 +  * First, read [[internal:Linux network]] and [[:​Grid]]. 
 +  * All the rules from [[:Grid]] apply, even more strictly than for CPU because there are too many GPU users and not as many GPUs available. So as a reminder: always use GPUs via ''​qsub''​ (or ''​qrsh''​),​ never via ''​ssh''​. You can ssh to any machine e.g. to run ''​nvidia-smi''​ or ''​htop'',​ but not to start computing on GPU. Don't forget to specify you RAM requirements with e.g. ''​-l mem_free=8G,​act_mem_free=8G,​h_data=12G''​. 
 +    * **Note that you need to use ''​h_data''​ instead of ''​h_vmem''​ for GPU jobs.** CUDA driver allocates a lot of "​unused"​ virtual memory (tens of GB per card), which is counted in ''​h_vmem'',​ but not in ''​h_data''​. All usual allocations (''​malloc'',​ ''​new'',​ Python allocations) seem to be included in ''​h_data''​. 
 +  * Always specify the number of GPU cards (e.g. ''​gpu=1''​) and your GPU memory requirements (e.g. ''​gpu_ram=2G''​). Thus e.g. <​code>​qsub -q '​gpu*'​ -l gpu=1,​gpu_ram=2G</​code>​ 
 +  * If you need more than one GPU card (on a single machine), always require at least as many CPU cores (''​-pe smp X''​) as many GPU cards you need. E.g. <​code>​qsub -q '​gpu*'​ -l gpu=4,​gpu_ram=7G -pe smp 4</​code>​ 
 +  * For interactive jobs, you can use ''​qrsh'',​ but make sure to end your job as soon as you don't need the GPU (so don't use qrsh for long training). **Warning: ''​-pty yes bash -l''​ is necessary**,​ otherwise the variable ''​$CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES''​ will not be set correctly. E.g. <​code>​qrsh -q '​gpu*'​ -l gpu=1,​gpu_ram=2G -pty yes bash -l</​code>​In general: don't reserve a GPU (as described above) without actually using it for longer time. (E.g. try separating steps which need GPU and steps which do not and execute those separately on our GPU resp. CPU cluster.) Ondřej Bojar has a script /​home/​bojar/​tools/​servers/​watch_gpus for watching reserved but unused GPU on most machines which will e-mail you, but don't rely on it only. 
 +  * Note that the dll machines have typically 10 cards, but "​just"​ 250 GB RAM (DLL7 has only 128 GB). So the expected (maximal) ''​mem_free''​ requirement for jobs with 1 GPU is 25GB. If your 1-GPU job takes e.g. 80 GB and you submit three such jobs on the same machine, you have effectively blocked the whole machine and seven GPUs remain unused. If you really need to submit more high-memory jobs, send each on a different machine. 
 +  * If you know an approximate runtime of your job, please specify it with ''​-l s_rt=hh:​mm:​ss''​ - this is a soft constraint so your job won't be killed if it runs longer than specified. It will help SGE to better schedule the jobs, especially multi-gpu reservations (see ''​qconf -ssconf''​).
  
-  * Ondřej Plátek - granted (2015) 
-  * Jan Hajič jr. - granted (early 2016) 
-  * Jindra Helcl - planning to apply (fall 2016) 
  
 +===== How to use cluster =====
  
-  ​+==== Set-up CUDA and CUDNN ====
  
-===== Performance tests =====+Multiple versions of ''​cuda''​ can be accessed in ''/​opt/​cuda''​. ​
  
-* [[http://www.trustedreviews.com/​nvidia-geforce-gtx-1080-review-performance-benchmarks-and-conclusion-page-2| 980 vs 1080 vs Titan X (not the Titan Z we have)]]+You need to set library path from your ''​~/.bashrc'':​
  
-In the following table is the experiment conducted by Tom KocmiYou can replicate experiment: /a/merkur3/kocmanek/GPUBenchmark (you will need to prepare environment of TensorFlow11 or use my ANACONDA)+  CUDA_version=10.
 +  CUDNN_version=7.6 
 +  CUDA_DIR_OPT=/​opt/​cuda/​$CUDA_version 
 +  if [ -d "​$CUDA_DIR_OPT"​ ] ; then 
 +    CUDA_DIR=$CUDA_DIR_OPT 
 +    export CUDA_HOME=$CUDA_DIR 
 +    export THEANO_FLAGS="​cuda.root=$CUDA_HOME,​device=gpu,​floatX=float32"​ 
 +    export PATH=$PATH:$CUDA_DIR/bin 
 +    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:​$CUDA_DIR/cudnn/$CUDNN_version/lib64:​$CUDA_DIR/​lib64 
 +    export CPATH=$CUDA_DIR/​cudnn/​$CUDNN_version/​include:​$CPATH 
 +  fi
  
-I am preparing department-wide benchmarkbut meanwhile the results for different experiment+  * When not using Theanojust Tensorflow this can be simplified to ''​export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/​opt/​cuda/​10.1/​lib64:/​opt/​cuda/​10.1/​cudnn/​7.6/​lib64''​. 
- ​* ​Athena (GTX 1080) - 2 hodiny 32 minut +  Note that the ''​cudnn''​ library is compiled for specific version of ''​cuda''​. If you need specific version of ''​cudnn'',​ you can look in ''/​opt/​cuda/​$CUDA_version/​cudnn/''​ whether it is available for a given ''​$CUDA_version''​.
- * Twister (Tesla K40c) - 6 hodin 46 minut+
  
-| machine | Setup; CPU/GPU; [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​CUDA#​Supported_GPUs|Capability]] [cc] | Walltime | Note | 
-| athena ​    | GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1            |  9:55:58 |  | 
-| titan-gpu ​ | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX Titan Z; cc3.5 |  16:05:24 |  | 
-| kronos-dev | Tesla K40c; cc3.5                  |  22:41:01 |  | 
-| twister1 ​  | Tesla K40c; cc3.5                  |  24:19:45 |  | 
-| belzebub ​  | 16x CPU                            |  52:36:56 |  | 
-| iridium ​   | Quadro K2000; cc3.0                |  59:47:58 |  | 
-| arc        | GeForce GT 630; cc3.0              |  103:42:30 | (approximated after 66 hours) | 
-| lucifer4 ​  | 8x CPU                             ​| ​ 134:41:22 |  | 
-| twister2 ​  | Tesla K40c; cc3.5                  |  |  | 
-| dll1       | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1    |  |  | 
-| dll2       | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1    |  |  | 
-| helena ​      | 8x CPU    |  |  | 
-| helena ​      | 16x CPU    |  |  | 
-| victoria ​  | GeForce GT 630; cc3.0              |  --- | never run, same GPU as Arc | 
  
 +==== TensorFlow Environment ====
  
 +Many people at UFAL use TensorFlow. To start using it it is recommended to create a [[python|Python virtual environment]] (or use Anaconda for it). Into the environment you must place TensorFlow. The TF is either in CPU or GPU version.
  
-===== Installed toolkits =====+  pip install tensorflow 
 +  pip install tensorflow-gpu 
 +   
 +You can use prepared environment by adding into your ~/.bashrc
  
-//This should mention where each interesting toolkit lives (on particular machine).//+  export PATH=/a/merkur3/​kocmanek/​ANACONDA/bin:$PATH
  
-==== TensorFlow ====+And then you can activate your environment:​
  
-[[https://​redmine.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​projects/​mmmt/​repository/​revisions/​6a064187fc6959db9b77cf2d5350c5f4918a8067/​entry/​prepare_env.sh|This script]] installs TensorFlow 0.7.1 (and all other dependencies we need for Multimodal Translation) into `tf' and `tf-gpu'​ virtual environments. The GPU environment can be loaded by calling <​code>​source ​tf-gpu/bin/activate-gpu</​code>​+  ​source activate ​tf18 
 +  source activate tf18cpu
  
-OP: I created [[https://​gist.github.com/​oplatek/​323b63b8f116cd3d78c0f492f78cc289|script]] which install Tensorflow ​0.8 and test it if it uses GPU. TF is installed into `user` or `global` installation either ​for `python3.4` or `python2.7`+This environment have TensorFlow 1.8.0 and all necessary requirements ​for NeuralMonkey.
  
-=== Select GPU device ​===+==== Pytorch Environment ====
  
-Use variable CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES ​to constrain tensorflow to compute only on the selected one. For the use of first GPU use+If you want to use pytorch, there is a ready-made environment in
-<​code>​export CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0</​code>​+
  
-To list available devices, use: +  ​/home/hajicj/anaconda3/envs/pytorch/bin 
-<​code>​/opt/cuda/samples/1_Utilities/deviceQuery/deviceQuery | grep ^Device</​code>​+   
 +It does rely on the CUDA and CuDNN setup above.
  
-===== Basic commands ​=====+==== Using cluster ==== 
 + 
 +As an alternative to ''​qsub'',​ you can use /​home/​bojar/​tools/​shell/​qsubmit 
 + 
 +  qsubmit --gpumem=2G --queue="​gpu-ms.q"​ WHAT_SHOULD_BE_RUN 
 +   
 +It is recommended to use priority lower than the default -100 if you are not rushing for the results and don't need to leap over your colleagues jobs. Please, do not use priority between -99 to 0 for jobs taking longer than a few hours, unless it is absolutely necessary for your work. 
 +==== Basic commands ====
  
   lspci   lspci
Line 96: Line 113:
   watch nvidia-smi   watch nvidia-smi
     # For monitoring GPU activity in a separate terminal (thanks to Jindrich Libovicky for this!)     # For monitoring GPU activity in a separate terminal (thanks to Jindrich Libovicky for this!)
 +    # You can also use nvidia-smi -l TIME
   nvcc --version   nvcc --version
     # this should tell CUDA version     # this should tell CUDA version
Line 104: Line 122:
   /​usr/​local/​cuda/​samples/​1_Utilities/​deviceQuery/​deviceQuery   /​usr/​local/​cuda/​samples/​1_Utilities/​deviceQuery/​deviceQuery
     # shows CUDA capability etc.     # shows CUDA capability etc.
 +  ssh dll1; ~popel/​bin/​gpu_allocations
 +    # who occupies which card on a given machine
 +    ​
 +=== Select GPU device ===
 +
 +The variable CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES constrains tensorflow and other toolkits to compute only on the selected GPUs. **Do not set this variable yourself** (unless debugging SGE), it is set for you automatically by SGE if you ask for some GPUs (see above).
 +
 +To list available devices, use:
 +  /​opt/​cuda/​samples/​1_Utilities/​deviceQuery/​deviceQuery | grep ^Device
 +
 +===== Performance tests =====
 +
 +* [[http://​www.trustedreviews.com/​nvidia-geforce-gtx-1080-review-performance-benchmarks-and-conclusion-page-2| 980 vs 1080 vs Titan X (not the Titan Z we have)]]
 +
 +In the following table is the experiment conducted by Tom Kocmi. You can replicate experiment: /​a/​merkur3/​kocmanek/​Projects/​GPUBenchmark (you will need to prepare environment of TensorFlow11 or use my ANACONDA). The benchmark uses 2GB model of seq2seq machine translation in Neural Monkey (De > EN). If not specified, the benchmark had an access only to one GPU.
 +
 +| machine | Setup; CPU/GPU; [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​CUDA#​Supported_GPUs|Capability]] [cc] | Walltime | Note |
 +| athena ​    | GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1            |    9:55:58 | Tom's desktop ​ |
 +| dll2       | GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1            |   ​10:​19:​40 |  |
 +| titan      | GeForce GTX 1080 Ti                |   ​10:​45:​11 | (new result with correct CUDA version) |
 +| dll1       | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1    |   ​12:​34:​34 | Probably only one GPU was used |
 +| twister2 ​  | Quadro P5000                       ​| ​  ​13:​19:​00 |  |
 +| dll2       | GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1            |   ​13:​01:​05 | Only one GPU was used |
 +| titan-gpu ​ | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX Titan Z; cc3.5 |   ​16:​05:​24 | Probably only one GPU was used |
 +| kronos-dev | Tesla K40c; cc3.5                  |   ​22:​41:​01 |  |
 +| twister2 ​  | Tesla K40c; cc3.5                  |   ​22:​43:​10 |  |
 +| twister1 ​  | Tesla K40c; cc3.5                  |   ​24:​19:​45 |  |
 +| helena1 ​   | 16x cores CPU                      |   ​46:​33:​14 |  |
 +| belzebub ​  | 16x cores CPU                      |   ​52:​36:​56 |  |
 +| iridium ​   | Quadro K2000; cc3.0                |   ​59:​47:​58 |  |
 +| helena7 ​   | 8x cores CPU                       ​| ​  ​60:​39:​17 |  |
 +| arc        | GeForce GT 630; cc3.0              |  103:42:30 | (approximated after 66 hours) |
 +| lucifer4 ​  | 8x cores CPU                       ​| ​ 134:41:22 |  |
 +
 +
 +=== Second Benchmark ===
 +
 +The previous benchmark only compares the speed of processing units within the GPUs and do not take into account the size of memory. Therefore I have conducted another benchmark, this time for each graphic card I have increased the batch size as much as possible so the model still could fit into the GPU (the previous benchmark model had batch size 20). This way the results should be more representative of the power for each GPU.
 +
 +| GPU; Cuda capability ​      | GPU RAM |  Walltime | Batch size | Machine ​  |
 +| GeForce GTX 1080 Ti; cc6.1 |   11 GB |  00:55:56 |       2300 | dll5      |
 +| GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1    |    8 GB |  01:10:57 |       1700 | dll1      |
 +| Quadro P5000               ​| ​  16 GB |  01:17:00 |       3400 | twister2 ​ |
 +| GeForce GTX Titan Z; cc3.5 |    6 GB |  02:20:47 |       1100 | titan-gpu |
 +| Quadro K2000; cc3.0        |    2 GB |  28:15:26 |         50 | iridium ​  |
  
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
Line 112: Line 175:
 GPU specs for those GPUs we have: GPU specs for those GPUs we have:
   * [[http://​www.nvidia.com/​content/​PDF/​kepler/​Tesla-K40-Active-Board-Spec-BD-06949-001_v03.pdf|Tesla K40c]]   * [[http://​www.nvidia.com/​content/​PDF/​kepler/​Tesla-K40-Active-Board-Spec-BD-06949-001_v03.pdf|Tesla K40c]]
 +
 +==== Individual acquisitions:​ NVIDIA Academic Hardware Grants ====
 +
 +There is an easy way to get one high-end GPU: [[https://​developer.nvidia.com/​academic_gpu_seeding|ask NVIDIA for an Academic Hardware Grant]]. All it takes is writing a short grant application (at most ~2 hrs of work from scratch; if you have a GAUK, ~15 minutes of copy-pasting). Due to the GPU housing issues (mainly rack space and cooling), Milan F. said we should request the Tesla-line cards (2017; check with Milan about this issue). If you want to have a look at an application,​ feel free to ask at hajicj@ufal.mff.cuni.cz :)
 +
 +Take care, however, to coordinate the grant applications a little, so that not too many arrive from UFAL within a short time: these grants are explicitly //not// intended to build GPU clusters, they are "​seeding"​ grants meant for researchers to try out GPUs (and fall in love with them, and buy a cluster later). If you are planning to submit the hardware grant, have submitted one, or have already been awarded one, please add yourself here.
 +
 +Known NVIDIA Academic Hardware Grants:
 +
 +  * Ondřej Plátek - granted (2015)
 +  * Jan Hajič jr. - granted (early 2016)
 +
 +
 +

[ Back to the navigation ] [ Back to the content ]