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gpu [2018/04/12 15:17]
kocmanek [Performance tests]
gpu [2021/02/15 13:21] (current)
vodrazka [Servers with GPU units]
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 ===== Servers with GPU units ===== ===== Servers with GPU units =====
-GPU cluster ''​gpu.q''​ at Malá Strana:+GPU cluster ''​gpu-ms.q''​ at Malá Strana: 
 | machine | GPU type | GPU driver version | [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​CUDA#​GPUs_supported|cc]] | GPU cnt | GPU RAM (GB) | machine RAM (GB)| | machine | GPU type | GPU driver version | [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​CUDA#​GPUs_supported|cc]] | GPU cnt | GPU RAM (GB) | machine RAM (GB)|
-| dll1 |  ​GeForce GTX 1080 |  ​384.69 |  ​6.|  8 |  ​|  ​250 +| dll1 |  ​Quadro RTX 5000 |  ​440.33.01 |  ​7.|  8 |  ​16 |  ​365 
-dll2 |  GeForce GTX 1080 |  ​387.34 |  6.1 |  ​|  ​|  ​250 +dll3 |  GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  ​440.33.01 |  6.1 |  ​10 |  ​11 |  ​248 
-dll3 |  GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  ​375.66 |  6.1 |  ​|  11 |  ​250 +dll4 |  GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  ​440.33.01 |  6.1 |  ​10 |  11 |  ​248 
-dll4 |  GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  ​375.66 |  6.1 |  10 |  11 |  ​250 +dll5 |  GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  ​440.33.01 |  6.1 |  10 |  11 |  ​248 
-dll5 |  GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  ​384.69 |  6.1 |  ​10 |  11 |  ​250 +dll6 |  GeForce GTX 1080 Ti |  ​440.33.01 |  6.1 |  ​|  11 |  ​248 
-dll6 |  GeForce ​GTX 1080 Ti |  ​384.69 |  ​6.|  ​|  11 |  ​122 +dll7 |  GeForce ​RTX 2080 Ti |  ​440.33.01 |  ​7.|  ​|  11 |  ​248 
-gpu |  ​GeForce GTX TITAN Z |  ​381.22 |  ​3.5 |  ​|  ​|  ​31 +dll8 |  ​Quadro RTX 5000 |  ​440.33.01 |  ​7.5 |  ​|  ​16 |  ​365 
-iridium ​|  ​Quadro K2000 |  ​367.48 |  ​3.|  ​|  ​|  ​504 +dll9 |  ​GeForce RTX 3090 |  ​455.23.05 |  ​8.|  ​|  ​24 |  ​180 
-kronos ​|  GeForce ​GTX 1080 Ti |  ​384.81 |  6.|  1 |  ​11 |  ​125 +dll10 |  GeForce ​RTX 3090 |  ​455.23.05 |  ​8.|  4 |  24 |  180 |                                                                                                                                            
-titan |  ​GeForce GTX 1080 |  ​381.22 |  6.1 |  1 |  8 |  ​31 + 
-twister1 ​|  ​Tesla K40c |  ​367.48 |  ​3.|  ​|  ​11 |  ​47 +GPU cluster ''​gpu-troja.q''​ at Troja: 
-twister2 ​|  Quadro P5000 |  ​367.48 |  6.1 |  ​|  ​17 |  ​47 |+ 
 +| machine | GPU type | GPU driver version | [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​CUDA#​GPUs_supported|cc]] | GPU cnt | GPU RAM (GB) | machine RAM (GB)| 
 +| tdll1 |  ​Quadro P5000 |  440.33.01 |  6.1 |  ​|  ​16 |  248 
 +tdll2 |  ​Quadro P5000 |  ​440.33.01 |  6.1 |  ​8 |  16 |  248 | 
 +| tdll3 |  Quadro P5000 |  440.33.01 |  6.1 |  8 |  ​16 |  248 
 +tdll4 |  ​Quadro P5000 |  ​440.33.01 |  ​6.|  ​|  ​16 |  ​248 
 +tdll5 |  Quadro P5000 |  ​440.33.01 |  6.1 |  ​|  ​16 |  ​248 |
  
 Desktop machines: Desktop machines:
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 | athena ​                    | GeForce GTX 1080 | cc6.1 |  1 |  8 GB | Tom's desktop machine | | athena ​                    | GeForce GTX 1080 | cc6.1 |  1 |  8 GB | Tom's desktop machine |
  
-Not used at the moment: GeForce GTX 570 (from twister2) +Multiple versions of CUDA library are accessible on each machine together with cudnn. Theano and TensorFlow ​is supported.
-All machines have CUDA8.0 and should support both Theano and TensorFlow.+
  
-[[https://​ufaladm2.ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​munin/​ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​lrc-headnode.ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​index.html#​dll|GPU usage rolling graphs]]+[[http://​ufaladm2.ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​munin/​ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​lrc-master.ufal.hide.ms.mff.cuni.cz/​index.html#​dll|GPU usage rolling graphs]]
  
  
 ===== Rules ===== ===== Rules =====
   * First, read [[internal:​Linux network]] and [[:Grid]].   * First, read [[internal:​Linux network]] and [[:Grid]].
-  * All the rules from [[:Grid]] apply, even more strictly than for CPU because there are too many GPU users and not as many GPUs available. So as a reminder: always use GPUs via ''​qsub''​ (or ''​qrsh''​),​ never via ''​ssh''​. You can ssh to any machine e.g. to run ''​nvidia-smi''​ or ''​htop'',​ but not to start computing on GPU. Don't forget to specify you RAM requirements with e.g. ''​-l mem_free=8G,​act_mem_free=8G,​h_vmem=12G''​. +  * All the rules from [[:Grid]] apply, even more strictly than for CPU because there are too many GPU users and not as many GPUs available. So as a reminder: always use GPUs via ''​qsub''​ (or ''​qrsh''​),​ never via ''​ssh''​. You can ssh to any machine e.g. to run ''​nvidia-smi''​ or ''​htop'',​ but not to start computing on GPU. Don't forget to specify you RAM requirements with e.g. ''​-l mem_free=8G,​act_mem_free=8G,​h_data=12G''​. 
-  Always specify the number ​of GPU cards (e.g. ''​gpu=1''​), the minimal Cuda capability you need (e.g. ''​gpu_cc_min3.5=1''​) and your GPU memory requirements (e.g. ''​gpu_ram=2G''​). Thus e.g. <​code>​qsub -q gpu.q -l gpu=1,​gpu_cc_min3.5=1,​gpu_ram=2G</​code>​ +    **Note that you need to use ''​h_data''​ instead ​of ''​h_vmem''​ for GPU jobs.** CUDA driver allocates a lot of "​unused"​ virtual memory (tens of GB per card), which is counted in ''​h_vmem'',​ but not in ''​h_data''​All usual allocations (''​malloc'', ​''​new'',​ Python allocations) seem to be included in ''​h_data''​. 
-  * If you need more than one GPU card (on a single machine), always require as many CPU cores (''​-pe smp X''​) as many GPU cards you need. E.g. <​code>​qsub -q gpu.q -l gpu=4,​gpu_cc_min3.5=1,gpu_ram=7G -pe smp 4</​code> ​**Warning**:​ currently, this does not work, so you can omit the ''​-pe smp X''​ part. Milan Fučík is working on a fix. +  * Always specify ​the number of GPU cards (e.g. ''​gpu=1''​) and your GPU memory requirements (e.g. ''​gpu_ram=2G''​). Thus e.g. <​code>​qsub -q 'gpu*' ​-l gpu=1,​gpu_ram=2G</​code>​ 
-  * For interactive jobs, you can use ''​qrsh'',​ but make sure to end your job as soon as you don't need the GPU (so don't use qrsh for long training). **Warning: ''​-pty yes bash''​ is necessary**,​ otherwise the variable ''​$CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES''​ will not be set correctly. E.g. <​code>​qrsh -q gpu.q -l gpu=1,​gpu_ram=2G -pty yes bash</​code>​In general: don't reserve a GPU (as described above) without actually using it for longer time. (E.g. try separating steps which need GPU and steps which do not and execute those separately on our GPU resp. CPU cluster.) Ondřej Bojar has a script /​home/​bojar/​tools/​servers/​watch_gpus for watching reserved but unused GPU on most machines which will e-mail you, but don't rely on in only. +  * If you need more than one GPU card (on a single machine), always require ​at least as many CPU cores (''​-pe smp X''​) as many GPU cards you need. E.g. <​code>​qsub -q 'gpu*' ​-l gpu=4,​gpu_ram=7G -pe smp 4</​code>​ 
-  * Note that the dll machines have typically 10 cards, but "​just"​ 250 GB RAM (DLL6 has only 128 GB). So the expected (maximal) ''​mem_free''​ requirement for jobs with 1 GPU is 25GB. If your 1-GPU job takes e.g. 80 GB and you submit three such jobs on the same machine, you have effectively blocked the whole machine and seven GPUs remain unused. If you really need to submit more high-memory jobs, send each on different machine.+  * For interactive jobs, you can use ''​qrsh'',​ but make sure to end your job as soon as you don't need the GPU (so don't use qrsh for long training). **Warning: ''​-pty yes bash -l''​ is necessary**,​ otherwise the variable ''​$CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES''​ will not be set correctly. E.g. <​code>​qrsh -q 'gpu*' ​-l gpu=1,​gpu_ram=2G -pty yes bash -l</​code>​In general: don't reserve a GPU (as described above) without actually using it for longer time. (E.g. try separating steps which need GPU and steps which do not and execute those separately on our GPU resp. CPU cluster.) Ondřej Bojar has a script /​home/​bojar/​tools/​servers/​watch_gpus for watching reserved but unused GPU on most machines which will e-mail you, but don't rely on it only. 
 +  * Note that the dll machines have typically 10 cards, but "​just"​ 250 GB RAM (DLL7 has only 128 GB). So the expected (maximal) ''​mem_free''​ requirement for jobs with 1 GPU is 25GB. If your 1-GPU job takes e.g. 80 GB and you submit three such jobs on the same machine, you have effectively blocked the whole machine and seven GPUs remain unused. If you really need to submit more high-memory jobs, send each on different machine. 
 +  * If you know an approximate runtime of your job, please specify it with ''​-l s_rt=hh:​mm:​ss''​ - this is a soft constraint so your job won't be killed if it runs longer than specified. It will help SGE to better schedule the jobs, especially multi-gpu reservations (see ''​qconf -ssconf''​). 
  
 ===== How to use cluster ===== ===== How to use cluster =====
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 ==== Set-up CUDA and CUDNN ==== ==== Set-up CUDA and CUDNN ====
  
-You should add the following commands into your ~/.bashrc+Multiple versions of ''​cuda''​ can be accessed in ''​/opt/​cuda''​
  
-  CUDNN_version=6.0 +You need to set library path from your ''​~/​.bashrc'':​ 
-  CUDA_version=8.0 + 
-  CUDA_DIR_OPT=/​opt/​cuda-$CUDA_version+  CUDA_version=10.
 +  CUDNN_version=7.6 
 +  CUDA_DIR_OPT=/​opt/​cuda/$CUDA_version
   if [ -d "​$CUDA_DIR_OPT"​ ] ; then   if [ -d "​$CUDA_DIR_OPT"​ ] ; then
     CUDA_DIR=$CUDA_DIR_OPT     CUDA_DIR=$CUDA_DIR_OPT
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   fi   fi
  
-When not using Theano, just Tensorflow this can be simplified to ''​export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/​opt/​cuda-8.0/cudnn/6.0/​lib64:/​opt/​cuda-8.0/lib64''​Note that on some machines (dll*, twister*), this is the current default even without setting LD_LIBRARY_PATH,​ but on other machines (kronos, titan, titan-gpu, iridium) you need to set LD_LIBRARY_PATH explicitly. +  * When not using Theano, just Tensorflow this can be simplified to ''​export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/​opt/​cuda/​10.1/​lib64:/​opt/​cuda/​10.1/cudnn/7.6/​lib64''​. 
- +  * Note that the ''​cudnn''​ library is compiled for specific version ​of ''​cuda''​. If you need specific version of ''​cudnn''​, you can look in ''/​opt/​cuda/​$CUDA_version/​cudnn/'' ​whether it is available ​for a given ''​$CUDA_version''​.
-TensorFlow ​1.5 precompiled binaries need CUDA 9.0, for this you need to +
- +
-  export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/​opt/​cuda-9.0/​lib64/:/​opt/​cuda/cudnn/7.0/lib64+
- +
-You also need to use ''​qsub -q gpu.q@dll[256]'' ​because only those machines have drivers which support CUDA 9. +
- +
-**Testing configuration (so far on twister2 only)** +
- +
-Multiple versions ​of ''​cuda'' ​and ''​cudnn''​ can be accessed ​in ''/​opt''​. +
-System default version for both libraries is configured in ''/​etc/​ld.so.conf.d/cuda.conf''​ as: +
- +
-  ​/opt/​cuda/​lib64 +
-  /​opt/​cuda/​extras/​CUPTI/​lib64 +
-  /opt/cudnn/lib64 +
- +
-Actual version used depends on the link in ''​/​opt''​. For example: +
- +
-  ls -l /opt +
-  ... +
-  lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  8 dub  9 12:30 cuda -> cuda-9.0 +
-  lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root  9 dub  9 12:32 cudnn -> cudnn-7.1 +
-  ... +
-   +
-This means that the system ​is using ''​cuda 9.0''​ and ''​cudnn 7.1''​. +
- +
-If system default version does not work for you, you can set library path from your ''​~/.bashrc''​. +
- +
- +
- +
- +
- +
- +
  
  
 ==== TensorFlow Environment ==== ==== TensorFlow Environment ====
  
-Majority ​people at UFAL use TensorFlow. To start using it you need to create python virtual environment (virtualenv ​or use Anaconda for it). Into the environment you must place TensorFlow. The TF is either in CPU or GPU version.+Many people at UFAL use TensorFlow. To start using it it is recommended ​to create ​a [[python|Python ​virtual environment]] (or use Anaconda for it). Into the environment you must place TensorFlow. The TF is either in CPU or GPU version.
  
   pip install tensorflow   pip install tensorflow
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 And then you can activate your environment:​ And then you can activate your environment:​
  
-  source activate ​tf1 +  source activate ​tf18 
-  source activate ​tf1cpu+  source activate ​tf18cpu
  
-This environment have TensorFlow 1.0 and all necessary requirements for NeuralMonkey.+This environment have TensorFlow 1.8.0 and all necessary requirements for NeuralMonkey.
  
 ==== Pytorch Environment ==== ==== Pytorch Environment ====
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 As an alternative to ''​qsub'',​ you can use /​home/​bojar/​tools/​shell/​qsubmit As an alternative to ''​qsub'',​ you can use /​home/​bojar/​tools/​shell/​qsubmit
  
-  qsubmit --gpumem=2G --queue="​gpu.q"​ WHAT_SHOULD_BE_RUN+  qsubmit --gpumem=2G --queue="​gpu-ms.q" WHAT_SHOULD_BE_RUN
   ​   ​
-It is recommended to use priority lower than the default -100 if you are not rushing for the results and don't need to leap over your colleagues jobs.+It is recommended to use priority lower than the default -100 if you are not rushing for the results and don't need to leap over your colleagues jobs. Please, do not use priority between -99 to 0 for jobs taking longer than a few hours, unless it is absolutely necessary for your work.
 ==== Basic commands ==== ==== Basic commands ====
  
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   watch nvidia-smi   watch nvidia-smi
     # For monitoring GPU activity in a separate terminal (thanks to Jindrich Libovicky for this!)     # For monitoring GPU activity in a separate terminal (thanks to Jindrich Libovicky for this!)
 +    # You can also use nvidia-smi -l TIME
   nvcc --version   nvcc --version
     # this should tell CUDA version     # this should tell CUDA version
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 | titan      | GeForce GTX 1080 Ti                |   ​10:​45:​11 | (new result with correct CUDA version) | | titan      | GeForce GTX 1080 Ti                |   ​10:​45:​11 | (new result with correct CUDA version) |
 | dll1       | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1    |   ​12:​34:​34 | Probably only one GPU was used | | dll1       | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1    |   ​12:​34:​34 | Probably only one GPU was used |
 +| twister2 ​  | Quadro P5000                       ​| ​  ​13:​19:​00 |  |
 | dll2       | GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1            |   ​13:​01:​05 | Only one GPU was used | | dll2       | GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1            |   ​13:​01:​05 | Only one GPU was used |
 | titan-gpu ​ | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX Titan Z; cc3.5 |   ​16:​05:​24 | Probably only one GPU was used | | titan-gpu ​ | (2 GPU) GeForce GTX Titan Z; cc3.5 |   ​16:​05:​24 | Probably only one GPU was used |
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 The previous benchmark only compares the speed of processing units within the GPUs and do not take into account the size of memory. Therefore I have conducted another benchmark, this time for each graphic card I have increased the batch size as much as possible so the model still could fit into the GPU (the previous benchmark model had batch size 20). This way the results should be more representative of the power for each GPU. The previous benchmark only compares the speed of processing units within the GPUs and do not take into account the size of memory. Therefore I have conducted another benchmark, this time for each graphic card I have increased the batch size as much as possible so the model still could fit into the GPU (the previous benchmark model had batch size 20). This way the results should be more representative of the power for each GPU.
  
-| GPU; Cuda capability ​      | GPU RAM |  Walltime | Batch size | Machine | +| GPU; Cuda capability ​      | GPU RAM |  Walltime | Batch size | Machine ​  ​
-| GeForce GTX 1080 Ti; cc6.1 |   11 GB |  00:55:56 |       2300 | dll5 | +| GeForce GTX 1080 Ti; cc6.1 |   11 GB |  00:55:56 |       2300 | dll5      
-| GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1    |    8 GB |  01:10:57 |       1700 | dll1 |+| GeForce GTX 1080; cc6.1    |    8 GB |  01:10:57 |       1700 | dll1      | 
 +| Quadro P5000               ​| ​  16 GB |  01:17:00 |       3400 | twister2  ​|
 | GeForce GTX Titan Z; cc3.5 |    6 GB |  02:20:47 |       1100 | titan-gpu | | GeForce GTX Titan Z; cc3.5 |    6 GB |  02:20:47 |       1100 | titan-gpu |
-| Quadro K2000; cc3.0        |    2 GB |  28:15:26 |         50 | iridium |+| Quadro K2000; cc3.0        |    2 GB |  28:15:26 |         50 | iridium ​  ​|
  
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
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 ==== Individual acquisitions:​ NVIDIA Academic Hardware Grants ==== ==== Individual acquisitions:​ NVIDIA Academic Hardware Grants ====
  
-There is an easy way to get one high-end GPU: [[https://​developer.nvidia.com/​academic_gpu_seeding|ask NVIDIA for an Academic Hardware Grant]]. All it takes is writing a short grant application (at most ~2 hrs of work from scratch; if you have a GAUK, ~15 minutes of copy-pasting). Due to the GPU housing issues (mainly rack space and cooling), Milan F. said we should request the Tesla-line cards (2017 check with Milan about this issue). If you want to have a look at an application,​ feel free to ask at hajicj@ufal.mff.cuni.cz :)+There is an easy way to get one high-end GPU: [[https://​developer.nvidia.com/​academic_gpu_seeding|ask NVIDIA for an Academic Hardware Grant]]. All it takes is writing a short grant application (at most ~2 hrs of work from scratch; if you have a GAUK, ~15 minutes of copy-pasting). Due to the GPU housing issues (mainly rack space and cooling), Milan F. said we should request the Tesla-line cards (2017check with Milan about this issue). If you want to have a look at an application,​ feel free to ask at hajicj@ufal.mff.cuni.cz :)
  
 Take care, however, to coordinate the grant applications a little, so that not too many arrive from UFAL within a short time: these grants are explicitly //not// intended to build GPU clusters, they are "​seeding"​ grants meant for researchers to try out GPUs (and fall in love with them, and buy a cluster later). If you are planning to submit the hardware grant, have submitted one, or have already been awarded one, please add yourself here. Take care, however, to coordinate the grant applications a little, so that not too many arrive from UFAL within a short time: these grants are explicitly //not// intended to build GPU clusters, they are "​seeding"​ grants meant for researchers to try out GPUs (and fall in love with them, and buy a cluster later). If you are planning to submit the hardware grant, have submitted one, or have already been awarded one, please add yourself here.

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