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user:zeman:interset:pronouns [2008/04/30 19:00]
user:zeman:interset:pronouns [2010/04/25 21:20]
zeman Magdin soupis Artikelwörter z německé gramatiky pro cizince.
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 ===== Approaches taken in various tagsets ===== ===== Approaches taken in various tagsets =====
-==== Czech PDT ====+==== cs::​pdt ​====
 There are no determiners,​ just pronouns. I.e., EAGLES-defined determiners are tagged as pronouns. There are no determiners,​ just pronouns. I.e., EAGLES-defined determiners are tagged as pronouns.
 +==== cs::multext ====
 +There are no determiners,​ just pronouns. I.e., EAGLES-defined determiners are tagged as pronouns.
 +==== bg::conll ====
 +One of the broadest (but also most systematic) pronoun categories. Pronouns include EAGLES-defined determiners and also interrogative and indefinite numerals and pronominal adverbs. Subcategories:​ personal, possessive, demonstrative,​ interrogative,​ relative, collective, indefinite, negative. Orthogonally to that, the tagset specifies what the pronoun refers to (entity, number, location, time...)
 +==== en::penn ====
 +''​DT''​ = determiner ("​a",​ "​the",​ "​some"​)
 +''​PDT''​ = predeterminer ("​all"​ in "all the flowers",​ "​both"​ in "both his children"​)
 +''​PRP''​ = personal pronoun ("​I",​ "​you",​ "​he",​ "​she",​ "​it",​ "​we",​ "​they"​)
 +''​PRP$''​ = possessive pronoun ("​my",​ "​your",​ "​his",​ "​her",​ "​its",​ "​our",​ "​their"​)
 +''​WDT''​ = wh-determiner ("​which"​)
 +''​WP''​ = wh-pronoun ("​who"​)
 +''​WP$''​ = possessive wh-pronoun ("​whose"​)
 +There are also wh-adverbs (''​WRB'',​ e.g. "​where",​ "​when",​ "​how",​ as opposed to adverbs, ''​RB''​).
 +==== de::stts ====
 +''​PPER''​ = irreflexive personal pronoun ("​ich",​ "​du",​ "​er",​ ..., "​mir",​ "​mich",​ ...); also "​meiner",​ if used as genitive of "​ich",​ not as a possessive pronoun
 +''​PRF''​ = reflexive personal pronoun ("​mir",​ "​mich"​ etc. if used reflexively as in "ich freue mich daran";​ also "​einander"​ in "sie mögen sich einander"​)
 +Other pronouns systematically distinguish substitutive usage (EAGLES-pronouns) from attributive usage (EAGLES-determiners) and adverbial usage (pronominal adverbs). Often the same word can be tagged either substitutively or attributively depending on context.
 +There are personal, possessive, demonstrative,​ interrogative,​ relative and indefinite pronouns.
 +Pronominal adverbs ("​wann",​ "​wo",​ "​warum",​ "​worüber",​ ...) are categorized under pronouns, not adverbs.
 +Articles ("​der",​ "​die",​ "​das",​ ...) have their own tag ''​ART''​ so they are different from demonstrative pronouns.
 +==== da::conll ====
 +There are personal, possessive, reciprocal, demonstrative,​ indefinite and interrogative/​relative pronouns. No separate category for determiners.
 +==== sv::hajic ====
 +Determiners (tag starts with ''​D''​) and pronouns (tag starts with ''​P''​). Subcategories:​ personal, indefinite, interrogative and possessive.
 +==== sv::mamba ====
 +''​EN''​ = indefinite article or numeral "​en",​ "​ett"​ (one)
 +''​PO''​ = pronoun
 +''​TP''​ = totality pronoun
 +==== pt::conll ====
 +Articles ("​a",​ "​as",​ "​o",​ "​os",​ "​uma",​ "​um"​) are tagged ''​art''​.
 +Pronouns ("​que",​ "​outro",​ "​ela",​ "​certo",​ "​o",​ "​algum",​ "​todo",​ "​nós"​...) have three main subclasses:
 +Personal pronouns ("​ela",​ "​elas",​ "​ele",​ "​eles",​ "​eu",​ "​nós",​ "​se",​ "​tu",​ "​você",​ "​vós"​)
 +Determiner-pronouns ("​algo",​ "​ambos",​ "​bastante",​ "​demais",​ "​este",​ "​menos",​ "​nosso",​ "​o",​ "​que",​ "​todo_o"​)
 +Independent pronouns ("​algo",​ "​aquilo",​ "​cada_qual",​ "​o",​ "​o_que",​ "​que",​ "​todo_o_mundo",​ "​um_pouco"​)
 +==== ar::conll ====
 +Pronouns are demonstrative,​ relative, personal/​possessive. There are interrogative (''​FI''​) and negative (''​FN''​) particles but I am not sure whether and how they relate to WH pronouns in other languages.
 +==== zh::conll ====
 +Pronouns form a subclass of nouns (''​Nh''​). Determiners and cardinal numbers are in the same group (''​Ne''​):​
 +''​Nep''​ = anaphoric determiner ("​this",​ "​that"​)
 +''​Neq''​ = classifying determiner ("​much",​ "​half"​)
 +===== Other Sources =====
 +Helbig-Busch,​ p. 357-11 (German grammar for foreigners)
 +  * Artikelwörter
 +    * Artikel: "​der",​ "​ein"​
 +    * Adjektivische Demonstrativpronomen:​ "​dieser",​ "ein solcher",​ "​jener"​
 +    * Adjektivische Possessivpronomen:​ "​mein",​ "​dessen",​ "​wessen"​
 +    * Adjektivische Interrogativpronomen:​ "​welcher",​ "welch ein"
 +    * Adjektivische Indefinitpronomen:​ "​jeder",​ "​mancher",​ "​aller",​ "​kein"​
 +''​Nes''​ = specific determiner ("​you",​ "​shang",​ "​ge"​=every)
 +''​Neu''​ = numeric determiner ("​one",​ "​two",​ "​three"​)

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